Queloides is an art exhibition that investigates race and racism in contemporary Cuba. Cuban artists, including musicians, writers, painters, performers, and academics, have been denouncing the persistence of racial discrimination in Cuban socialist society since the early 1990s. Queloides, curated by Alejandro de la Fuente and Elio Rodriguez, brings together artists whose work actively confronts racism in contemporary Cuba.
Queloides is currently on exhibition at the Mattress Factory Museum in Pittsburgh, PA. On October 22nd, Queloides artists Marta María Pérez Bravo, Elio Rodríguez, Armando Mariño, and René Peña participated in a CLACS sponsored artist roundtable at NYU. Ana María Dopico, CLACS affiliated faculty and Associate Professor in NYU’s Spanish and Portuguese department, moderated the event.
Dr. Francisco Panizza, a Senior Lecturer at the London School of Economics and Political Science, argues that Latin America’s political elite have used Populism to appeal to historically under-served and excluded communities. In his presentation at New York University on October 12, Panizza asserted that the term Populism has been over-used, has both positive and negative connotations, and has even become an insult in some circles.
Panizza defined Populism as the creation of a unified and unifying identity, incorporating a previously oppressed or marginalized group of people into a participatory democracy. He went on to detail four dimensions of Populism that leaders may employ as part of a political strategy, including the rhetorical, the representational, the normative and the political. Panizza describes the rhetorical and representational dimensions as what we most often see in contemporary Populist Latin American leaders, where modes of speech, dress and behaviors give the impression of the Populist leader as a demagogical figure. The normative and political dimensions are used to appeal to dissatisfied citizens who have experienced a fundamental inequity in society and are seeking a way to participate in democracy.