Category Archives: Related Articles

NACLA-CLACS Conversation with Carlos Pérez Guartambel: Indigenous Resistance in the Andes

carlos perez guartambelThis article first appeared on on November 18, 2013. Reposted with Permission.

Ecuador’s  indigenous movement has a strong legacy of resistance in Latin America. After the national uprising of 1990, the indigenous movement directly entered electoral politics with the creation of the electoral party Pachakutik in 1996. Ecuador’s indigenous movement is a milestone in the region, fueling an ethnopolitical climate of resistance across the Andes that resulted in the election of indigenous President Evo Morales in Bolivia in 2006. Today the movement resists extractivism on indigenous lands, pursuing its strategy of resistance despite systematic repression from the government.

In a NACLA-CLACS co-sponsored event on October 31, Manuela Picq spoke with Carlos Pérez Guartambel, the current leader of Ecuarunari, (Ecuador Runacunapak Rikcharimui, Confederation of the Kichwa of Ecuador), the historically powerful indigenous organization in the Ecuadorian highlands. The event was translated by Antonia Carcelén.

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Patricio Navia Weighs in on How Latin Americans Vote

Patricio Navia, CLACS Affiliated Faculty

Hugo Chavez, Evo Morales, Fidel and Raul Castro – these charismatic leaders are not the first to capture the hearts and minds of Latin Americans. The legacy of left-wing populist leaders in Latin America has been studies by many scholars, such as Francisco Panizza, who spoke on the topic last fall at NYU. Some scholars, including former CLACS faculty member Rafael Sanchez,  have argued that Latin America is uniquely prone to populist leadership.

Patricio Navia, a CLACS affiliated faculty member, and political analyst and columnist, has something to add to the debate. In an interview with Daisy Banks of “The Browser,” he argues various points regarding Latin America – its unmet potential, the legacy of colonialism, political models, and economic history.

As part of the interview, he suggests five books that, combined, provide compelling analyses of Latin American politics.

  • The Contemporary History of Latin America, by Tulio Halperín Donghi
  • Forgotten Continent, by Michael Reid
  • Left Behind, by Sebastian Edwards
  • The Economic History of Latin America since Independence, by Victor Bulmer-Thomas
  • Leftovers, by Jorge G Castañeda and Marco A Morales

Visit The Browser to read the full article.

Posted by Von Diaz – MA Candidate at CLACS / Global Journalism at NYU

Bolivian Animated Film “Abuela Grillo” Highlights Water Issues

Abuela Grillo, an adorable – though equally tear-jerking – animated short-film, calls attention to Bolivia’s fraught history with water privatization.  The film is a collaboration between Bolivian animators and the Animation Workshop of Denmark.  The Abuela Grillo character is based on a myth from the Bolivian lowlands, but the film tells the story of a historic moment in Bolivian water politics.

Water issues reached a boiling point in 2000 after water privatization legislation led to a significant spike in prices for Bolivian citizens. Demonstrations rocked Cochabamba in what is also known as the Cochabamba Water Wars.  Though they began as peaceful protests, demonstrations quickly  grew violent, leading to dozens of civilian and police injuries and casualties.  Then President Hugo Banzer was forced to resign.

This animated film takes you on  journey with Abuella Grillo (Grandmother Grasshopper), who walks through rural and urban landscapes with a raincloud constantly looming over her shoulder.  She encounters various obstacles as the film weaves a sad – and deeply symbolic – tale of environmental exploitation and government corruption.

Read more about Abuela Grillo on ColorLines.

Posted by Von Diaz – MA Candidate at CLACS / Global Journalism at NYU

CLACS Alum Participates in LASA Recent History and Memory Section

Hillary Heiner

Hillary Heiner: NYU CLACS Alum, PhD Candidate - History, University of Chile

Memory, gender and Chilean social movements inspired Hillary Heiner’s research as a CLACS M.A. student in 2004. Through CLACS she was awarded a Tinker Field Research grant, which enabled her to do research in Chile. After completing her M.A., she decided to remain in Chile to pursue a PhD at the University of Chile. She is currently writing a doctoral thesis titled, ““Historizar la violencia puertas adentro.  El caso de la Casa Yela y la violencia de género en Talca, 1964-2008” (Historicizing violence indoors. The case of the Casa Yela and gender violence in Talca, 1964-2008).

Santiago, Chile (Photo: Foreign and Commonwealth Office/flickr)

Santiago, Chile (Photo: Foreign and Commonwealth Office/flickr)

Through her research at the University of Chile, she became involved in the Recent History and Memory Section (Historia Reciente y Memoria) of the Latin American Studies Association (LASA). This recently established section of LASA is a platform for scholars across disciplines and throughout the globe to collaborate, share research, and promote conferences and events related to the topic. Peter Winn of Tufts University and Claudio Barrientos of the Universidad Diego Portales in Chile co-chaired the group.

The Recent History section of LASA focuses on studying recent history processes, such as those involved in dictatorships, democratic transitions, and revolutions throughout Latin America that often lead to human rights violations, political repression and violence, and social conflicts. They also study the, “battles over the collective memory of that traumatic recent past, including the struggles for truth and justice.”

Hillary says, “As a historian, I find this atmosphere refreshing intellectually and I also enjoy the transnational and multi-disciplinary exchanges that we have, being able to dialogue with academics in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay or the US on what the latest tendencies are shaping up to be.”

To learn more about the Recent History and Memory Section of LASA, visit the LASA website and select “Historia Reciente y Memoria” in the dropdown options to the left.

Posted by Von Diaz – MA Candidate at CLACS / Global Journalism at NYU

Runa Simi pantachiqkunamanta – About the Forgers of Runa Simi

Odi Gonzales is professor of Quechua at New York University. Below is his trilingual blog post, in Quechua, Spanish and English, about Runa Simi. Runa Simi is the original term used by indigenous people in the Andes for the language now known as Quechua.

Runa Simi pantachiqkunamanta / Odi Gonzales

Odi Gonzales Quechua NYU

Odi Gonzales

Manaraq españolkuna chayamuqtinku, lluy tawantinsuyu llaqtapi runakuna rimaqku Runa simita. Kay simipi niranku “wakcha” nispa, mana mamayoq, manataytayoq, mana llaqtayoq runata. Chaymi karan wakcha kay; Mamapachapas, unupas manan huk runallaqchu karan, llapankuqmi karan. Ichaqa, chay sunkhasapukuna chayamuqtinku, pantachipunku RunaSimita. Chaymanta pacha kunankama “wakcha” nipunku mana qolqeyoq, mana kaqniyoqta, mana wasiyoq, mana allpayoqta. Manataqmi quechuachu sutinpas karan inkakunaq rimayninkuqa; Runa Simin karan. Ichaqa tayta cura Fray Domingo de Santo Tomasmi sutiyapun chhaynata. Pay yacharan rimayta Runa Simita allintapuni. Chaymi, ñawpaqpi, qhelqaran diccionariota RunaSimimanta. Chay pacha pay  tiyaq Qheswapanpa llaqtapi, chayrayku diccionarionta qhelqayta tukuspa, pay t’iqrasqa español simiman:“kaymi kan Qheswa Simi diccionario” nispa. Manataq chay kuti llapan españolkunachu yacharanku españolta ñawinchayta nitaq rimayta Runa Simita chayqa, paykuna panta pantata yachasqaku tayta curaq rimayninta; chaymanta pacha Runa Simi kapun Quechua. Ichaqa kunankamapas lluy llaqtakunapi manan reqsinkuchu chay “Quechua” nisqata. Sichus qan tapunki huk Qosqo ayllumanta erqeta  “Rimankichu Quechuata?” nispa, chayqa pay nisunki “Ñoqaqa rimanin Runa Simita, manan alqo simitachu” nispa.

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NYU Student Launches Haiti Memory Project

Haiti-Memory-Project - Claire Payton

Photo courtesy Claire Payton, Haiti Memory Project

Last summer, Claire Payton—inspired by the post-earthquake chaos she saw unfolding in Haiti—bought an audio recorder, packed her bags, and booked a flight to Port-au-Prince.

Despite having studied Haiti extensively, her motivation to travel to Haiti was purely personal. She wanted to help tell people’s stories.

Soon after arriving in Port-au-Prince, she developed contacts and started doing interviews. Traveling to interviews was particularly challenging because of the traffic, which had worsened due to the buildings lying in the streets. When Claire arrived in Haiti, she spoke fluent French, but not Kreyol. After several interviews, and with help of translators, she developed a grasp on the language.

Almost a year later, Claire launched the Haiti Memory Project, an “online archive of oral testimony about the January 12, 2010, earthquake and post-earthquake life.” She was motivated to create the website so that she could share people’s stories with a broad audience.

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Saqrakuna: Quechua Television in Peru

Tarpurisunchis - Miryam Yataco - NYU

Tarpurisunchis team, Image by Miryam Yataco

Uno nunca debe desestimar el poder de la imagen, su magia, su potencial dentro del proceso de comunicación. Ese es el caso de SAQRAKUNA un programa de TV producido por Tarpurisunchis.

Una nueva television en lengua materna (Quechua) es más que una prueba fehaciente de ese potencial.

¿Qué es Saqrakuna?

Constituye un esfuerzo único y pionero, porque es el inicio de la Televisión Quechua en el Peru. Busca fortalecer a la juventud en su identificación con su propia cultura y su lengua materna.

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